The kings of ancient Egypt desired to construct a stairway to heaven where they can catch the stars with their own bare hands and join with the gods in their rightful place and so the great pyramid was born.
Khufu pyramid was a true representation of the structure of Egyptian society and it also bears a religious significance as the pyramid was a replica of the primeval mound where the universe was created by Amun.
Khufu Pyramid History
Khufu pyramid became quite famous as it is the last remaining intact seven wonders of the ancient world. The pyramid of Khufu was built by Pharaoh Khufu of the Fourth Dynasty around 2560 BC to carry his tomb and be his final resting place which made the pyramid one of the most ancient structures in the world dating to more than 4500 years. It is the first of three Pyramids built during the old kingdom (2686-2181 BC) in a location that became known as the Pyramids complex in Giza.
Khufu pyramid became known as “Cheops” because to the Greeks who chronicled their exploration journeys to Egypt many centuries later and the great pyramid was once the tallest man-made structure on the globe for more than 3,800 years until the construction of the Lincoln Cathedral, England in 1311.
Khufu Pyramid Location
Khufu pyramid is located in the city of Giza in the famous Giza pyramid complex on the bank of the Nile at the exact intersection of the longest line of latitude and longitude.
Khufu Pyramid Facts
The construction method proves how the Khufu pyramid is of a pure example of an accurate architectural Skill and a reminder of the powerful might and will of the ancient Egyptians. The pyramid sides rise at an angle of 51°52′ and are oriented to face the four cardinal points of the compass.
The pyramid's construction process took about 20 years and was designed by Khufu’s vizier, Heminuu. The construction demanded the use of 2.3 million blocks of limestone, each block weighing 2.5 tons which resulted in the total mass of 5.9 million tons and the total height of 146.7 m (481 ft) on a base of 230.3(756 ft) long.
Khufu Pyramid Construction
What makes it a truly perfect wonder is the methods used in constructing the pyramid. There are and hypothesis and theories, the most prominent one is the Greek theory that suggests it was built using slave labor but it was proven false as to reach this level of miraculous precision, you need to have a deep understanding of the dynamics of Management and a critical path analysis methods to be able to utilize and control a workforce that peaked at roughly 40,000 skilled worker.
This massive labor force was organized by a hierarchy and divided into teams they had wagers and enjoyed many civil rights. There are many theories that state the pyramid was built with the use of very advanced techniques of constructions.
Khufu pyramid was painted over in white limestone giving it a smooth heavenly look but it was removed over the centuries to build fortress and mosques during the various time period of ancient Egypt. Once the pyramid was completed a special block made of a shining material like gold or electrum was placed on the top of the pyramid.
Khufu Pyramid Inside
There are three well-known chambers within the great pyramid of Giza; the first chamber is the king’s chamber which is a façade with granite and only holds a rectangular granite sarcophagus and above of the chamber is the five rooms called relieving chambers, and between them is a limestone beam.
The purpose of these relieving chambers was to absorb the pressure on the King's great chamber and redirect the pressures into the surrounding stones. Above the first floor are two narrow shafts in the north & south walls and appear to be aligned with the certain stars or certain areas of the northern and southern skies as it was believed that these shafts helped in ascending the king spirit & soul to the heavens.
The second chamber is the Queen's personal chamber in which the wife of the pharaoh was kept, it contains the same design of the king's chamber with some minor different designs. The third chamber is the Grand Gallery that is a passage that provides access to the royal burial chambers.
It is exactly 8.6 m (28 ft) high, 64.68 m (153.1 ft) long and the walls of the gallery are perfectly lined with massive granite blocks that hold no carvings, no murals or decorations of any kind. inside the grand gallery is corbelled vault at an angle of 26 degrees which peaked just short of 30 m with a corbelled arch stacks stones on each successive layer and with a slight overhang until the moment when the structure meets at the high point that makes the grand gallery a little more incredible.
The Mystery of The Khufu Pyramid
The great pyramid has been the subject of various fringe unorthodox theories over the infinite centuries all because it still contains countless mysteries as in 2017 a team of Japanese researchers and scientists discovered a Big Void above the Grand Gallery with the length of 30m (98 ft) using muon radiography and the purpose and cause of the cavity is still unknown.
There are also various theories which try to give an alternative reasons and explanations on why the pyramid was built, some of them are farfetched like Atlantian origin or even alien origin while the others make a good point of discussing the Orion correlation theory which states that the pyramids were an accurate reflection of Orion's belt, Leo's constellation, and the milky way which argued that the pyramids might be older than what is believed to be. A great deal of mystery and unanswered questions still surround the pyramids which explain why the pyramids are very attractive to most world travelers.