The majestic Giza Pyramids were simply a stairway to heaven built by the pharaohs, a way to ascend to their rightful place and unite with the ancient Egyptian gods. It is a true reflection of an immortal symbol of the glory of the ancient Egyptian civilization. The Giza Pyramids Complex has the Great Pyramid which is regarded as an architectural miracle and acted as the official motto of Egypt as the last remaining monument of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Further, the pyramids were built to be the final resting place for the pharaohs and help their souls ascend to the heavens. The complex is the epitome of perfection from its width and length to the miraculous masterpieces it includes.
Giza Pyramids Location
Giza Pyramids Complex is located in the Western Desert 9 Km (5 M) west of the Nile River, and 13 Km (8 M) southwest of Cairo City Center. The complex pulses with life for the three pyramids it holds on its ground and one great sphinx and its intimidating presence and grows in power for one center of history, “The Valley Temple”; the entrance that the ancients passed through its wide gates to embrace their destinies; the foreverness and immortality. It’s the blinding rays of light that’ll illuminate the way for you to collect piece after another of Egypt’s ancient civilization. Moreover, it’s a key, a solution to knowing some good facts and secrets about the ancient realm more than you would want to admit.
Interesting Facts About Giza Pyramids
The Giza Pyramids Complex’s history is full of interesting facts about its structure and value so, we introduce the following points as some of those interesting and rare facts:
- The Giza Pyramids Complex is one of the last remaining prehistoric monuments in human history as it was built in the Old Kingdom (2686 – 2181 BC) during the 4th Dynasty (2613 – 2494 BC) over 4000 years.
- It consists of three great pyramids; each one is for a pharaoh named Khafre, Khufu, and Menkaure who desired to immortalize their names and legacy in stone for infinite centuries.
- The Giza Complex has the Great Pyramid was built with the usage of a huge labor working force of 100,000.
- The Giza Complex hosts the Tomb of Khentkaus I.
- The complex includes tombs for both; royals and laborers.
- The complex is surrounded by a huge wall.
- It shelters the village of the ancient works.
- The plateau is an upspring in Egypt’s tourism.
The Unmatched Inclusions of the Giza Plateau
Right in front of the pyramids, there is the sole guardian of Egypt, "The Sphinx", and next to the pyramids is the Valley Temple where the mummification process of the ancient kings and queens took place. There’s no better monument that can showcase the unbroken will of ancient Egyptian than the Three Great Pyramids of Giza as it displays an ancient time when the Egyptian civilization was a driving force in the development of the first definitions of literature, science, religion, and art. Each of the milestones the complex pins on its ground have a certain kind of abnormality to it and a different share of rumors around it, needles to say the many questions marks each site forms on the heads of all the nation and the newcomers.
The Glamour of Khufu Pyramid
One of the most enchanting constructions in human history is the majestic Pyramid of Khufu which is the last remaining wonder of the Ancient World. It was constructed to hold the tomb of Pharaoh Khufu of the Old Kingdom between 2580 and 2560 BC and took about 20 years to be fully built. It is famously known by the Greeks as Cheops. The Great Pyramid became the tallest structure in the world at a height of around 147 M (481 ft.) for more than 3,800 years until the construction of the Lincoln Cathedral in 1311 AD in England which eventually surpassed it. The Great Pyramid is the headmaster of ancient Egypt’s history, building techniques, and mystery, tying all three features together between 2.5 blocks of milestone and showing them off in the fame it has gained so far!
It was constructed using 2.3 million blocks of limestone, each block weighing 2.5 tons, and the usage of a huge labor working force of 100,000. It was designed by King Khufu's vizier, Hemiunu, who truly created a true masterpiece of miraculous enchanting architecture as shown by the advanced interior design of the pyramid. The pyramid’s interior consists of three chambers: the first is the King's Chamber, the second is the Queen's Chamber and the third is the Grand Gallery. The pyramid is able to generate various fringe theories on how it was built and many other alternative reasons for its construction. One more time; the Great Pyramid has been a frequented tourist attraction whether for its unmatched historical importance and polished value or for the captivating structure, materials, and effort poured into it!
King Khafre Left behind a Masterpiece to be Treasured
The second largest pyramid in Giza was built by Pharaoh Khafre (2558-2532 BC) during the 4th Dynasty in 2570 BC during the Old Kingdom. Khafre was the son of Khufu, so he desired to continue his father's legacy by creating a structure similar to his father’s. The second pyramid reaches a height of 136.4 (448 ft.) on a base of 215.5 M (706 ft.), and is made completely out of limestone as well as a combination of pink granite with an angle of 51°50'24". It is a bit smaller than the Khufu Pyramid and has a smooth surface. Khafre's Pyramid appears larger than the adjacent, Khufu Pyramid, due to having a more elevated location and a steeper angle of inclination. Khafre Pyramid retains a majestic display of casing stones at its climax. So, there is no wonder that it’s been the victim of many tomb raiders and robberies over the years until it was explored by a proper archaeologist and a few analyses processes on its deep insides.
Pyramid of Menkaure Grace
The smallest pyramid was constructed by King Menkaure, the sixth ruler of the 4th Dynasty, in 2510 BC to be his final resting place following the legacy of his father and his grandfather. It was constructed using a combination of limestone on the interiors and red granite on the exterior with a height of 61 M (200 ft.) and stands on a base of 108.5 M, plus an angel of 51°20′25″. On the south of the pyramid, there are three satellite pyramids each of which is a temple and a substructure. Being ranked as the last, the third, and the smallest pyramid out of El Giza’s three pyramids has never suppressed the impression it spreads; it’s always there, including among the hefty monuments that turned Egypt’s history completely upside down!
The Great Sphinx & The Valley Temple
The magnitude and sublime efforts were invested from the first moment the decision of building the rarest historical plateau was officially set in stone. It’s the best decision ever made since, with it, came a number of deliciously sophisticated sites with great figures to commemorate and unfaded trails to leave on minds. One of the sites lies on the east of the pyramid, “The Great Valley Temple”, which was used for the mummification process. And right in front of it, on the west bank of the Nile of Giza is the sole guardian of Egypt, "The Great Sphinx", the world’s oldest statue that was designed based on the face of Pharaoh Khafre and was made completely of limestone like the rest of the pyramids.
The Giza Complex from an Astronomical Perspective
The Giza Plateau has been the axis of multiple hypotheses and a temptation for more than one field to interpret its origin and the ambiguity of its existence based on their points of view. And astronomy came as one fine field with distinctive analyses of the Giza complex among which is the head-turning Orion correlation theory:
- The theory defines the real intention behind putting the Three Great Pyramids stone after another at the Giza Plateau specifically from the very beginning.
- According to the theory, the location of the three pyramids of El Giza is correlated somehow with the Belt of the Orion Constellation.
- It also suggests that the correlation was not a mere coincidence; It’s a thing the ancient builders had got a motive behind.
- Based on the theory, the glistening stars define Orion’s Constellation had a special bond with the ancient God of the Afterlife and Rebirth, “Osiris”.
- Another allegation that the Orion correlation theory regards is the complete image of the Orion constellation won’t be without a group of other extra pyramids included.
- Those beliefs were mentioned in volume thirteen of "Discussions in Egyptology".
The Giza Pyramids Complex Shelters Another Group of Cemeteries
Another fact about the Giza Plateau that might not be so spread-out among travelers is the other collection of cemeteries seeking shelter on its ground. The cemeteries may belong to figures that are lesser than royals, yes, but ancient Egypt was not only about royals and their power; it was also about officials and their support to polish the royals’ reign, leaving a good gesture to be remembered with, and G 7000 is a great example. The G 7000 is one of the most ancient cemeteries of sons, wives, and daughters of the Fourth Dynasty’s rulers who strived and attribute to the ancient renaissance.
The combined cemetery nestles just a few meters far from the Great Pyramid in the East field and close to the Pyramids of the Queen. On the other hand, there is the G 1200 Cemetery of the Wepemnofret and the Hemiunu G 4000 Cemetery, located just in the West field of the complex whose roots belong to the Fifth and the Sixth Dynasties. Furthermore, The Tomb of Khentkaus I, common also as G 8400 G and LG 100, can be found located just a few steps near the Valley Temple in the Central Field and many more others.
The Workers Village As A Milestone in the Giza Complex
Another series of unmatched milestones implanted in the Giza Plateau’s desert space and presented as one more trace ancient Egypt left behind is the Workers Village. From aligning insane amounts of stones one after another, and nailing the art of sculpting to moving around thousands of pieces to bringing to life three phenomena, one of which is introduced as one of the Ancient World’s Wonders, the ancient workers got the credits of it all. The Workers Village once hosted all types of craftsmanship and professions, from carpenters and bakers to water carriers, all devoted appreciated efforts to building the Three Great Pyramids of El Giza over the ages.
The village earned huge fame for not only hosting the ancient used tools and methods that once supported the pyramids’ building processes but also for being a reference, a light that can be shed on the exact number of ancient founders required for structuring what managed to hover over the world with a magnitude that got no equal for. Well, if you’re wondering; the Village of the Works is located on the opposite side of the Giza Pyramids complex’s wall, which was a discovery made at the hands of Mark Lehner back to back with his team of pioneers. It takes over the southeast space of Menkaure and Khufu’s complexes.
The Builders’ Tombs Discovery of the Giza Plateau
The Giza Plateau does offer the best visit ever, getting you to know the ancient history of Egypt from the scratch with all the labor, effort, and power building it. Efforts and labor were combined together and, now, take the form of the Three Great Pyramids, the Village of the Workers all the way to the tombs of the ancient builders. In 1990, there was a wide variety of cemeteries of the ancient founders dug not so far from the pyramids and followed by another excavation in 2009 of another burial site located just as near.
Instead of getting mummified, the ancient builders are hugged by mudbrick tombs with bread and beer present to make the ends of their afterlife rituals meet. However, by the looks of the tombs and the burying mechanisms applied to their designs, seems like the builders’ efforts were more than treasured back then and it’s solid proof of how honored and appreciated they were, working with a decent payment, which goes completely against the “Slavery” misconception was rumored around the Pyramids here and there.
The Giza Plateau Held Many Types of Entertainment on Its Grounds
Being a powerful and graceful center of history does not change the fact that the Giza Plateau was and will be a great host for a decent share of outstanding events. The plateau was a solid witness of lots of hyperactive events that took the minds of so many with due to how peculiar their vibes were. Among the events hosted at the plateau was the Grateful Dead in 1978 when a number of charming concerts were held and later were introduced in the Rocking the Cradle: Egypt 1978 album edition.
Another passage added to the history of the Giza Pyramids Complex was presented in 2007 when a mass of people, around 100,000, shook the Giza Plateau with their resonating echo during the breathtaking performance of Shakira, the female singer of Colombian ethnicity! The complex was also a target for the 2019 Africa Cup of Nations finals and the World Men's Handball Championship. Not to mention the expensive show of the Egyptian artists, actors, and actresses as well as musicians and singers in front of the Three Great Pyramids, commemorating Egypt’s ancient history with their golden statements in 2021 as an honor to the 22 mummies transferred to the NMEC in El Fustat.
The Giza Complex and Its Importance in Egypt's Tourism
From wonders and baffling details to secrets and mysteries, what else does the traveler need to create a strong and never-to-be-broken bond with ancient Egypt? Ah, right, the Giza Pyramids Complex of course! Its ambiguous side and the episodes of never-ending theories thrown its way accompanied by its position as the only and only host for the Ancient World’s last unscathed wonder, all made the travelers seek the blessings of the Giza Complex.
Maybe it’s because of the miraculous 2.5 million blocks of milestones supporting the Great Pyramid in its square area, or the Valley Temple, a witness of the royals’ immortality, not to mention the other milestones in between, are the reasons why the complex keeps on alluring one traveler after another. Exploring inside the complex will help them to get the hang of Egypt’s ancient civilization through its genuine details and the complicated secrets nestled between the layers of its history. Which makes the importance of the Giza Pyramid Complex in Egypt’s tourism in Egypt hit a crazily high level!
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