The Great Sphinx has become the solidification of glory and mystery in the eyes of every traveler who comes to Egypt. Its history is treated as an enigma and a source of inspiration that illuminated the imagination of anyone who came across it over the millennia.
The Great Sphinx History
The Great Sphinx is the oldest and biggest sculpture ever created in the history of mankind, it is created out of a single piece of limestone and carved into a statue taking the shape of a famous mythical creature known as the Sphinx, which has the body of a lion and a human head to represent wisdom & power. The Sphinx once contains a beard that was attached to it at a later period but was lost in time. The statue was painted with red pigment with some yellow and blue like a comic-book character.
It stands at a height of 240 ft. (73 m) long and 66 ft. (20 m) high. It is claimed that the statue was built during the old kingdom in the 4th dynasty during the reign of Pharaoh Khafre (2558 – 2532 BC) in the old kingdom (2686-2134 BC) but still the exact date of the construction is still under debate.
The Great Sphinx Names
The Sphinx had many names across history, as in the new kingdom it was called "Hor-em-Akhet" which means "Horus of the horizon" and was heavily worshipped by the public especially during the reign of Thutmose IV, in the Greco-Roman period the Sphinx had quite the a resemblance to a Greek mythological beast with a lion’s body, a woman’s head and the wings of an eagle called also the Sphinx, in the 4th century of the Coptic era it was known as "Bel-Hit" which means the guardian but in today's term it is being referred to as Abu al-Hawl which means “The Father of Terror”.
Why is The Great Sphinx Nose Missing?
The Great Sphinx has a big question mark due to its famous nose as many hypothesis & theories attempted to explain his nose phenomenon but only two where under consideration; some scholars believe it was destroyed by Napoleon troops in 1798-1801 CE but it was proven to be a wrong notion as a famous drawing by French artist called Frederic Luis Norden in 1737 showcases the destroyed nose, forty years before the arrival of the French forces.
The most acceptable scenario is that the nose was crushed in the Arab Invasion during the 7th century or by a Muslim cleric in the 14th century.
The Mystery of The Great Sphinx
Over the centuries, there have been many hypocrites that put the Great Sphinx under a never-ending debate due to its mysterious nature. The statue had been damaged and restored various times over the millennia's and there were no documents of any kind in the old kingdom that would provide any information about its age or manner of construction that led many archeologists and Egyptologists to debate its origin even come with countless theories that had a fringe nature like the Orion correlation theory, or the water erosion hypothesis or the Anubis-sphinx Theory.