The Egyptian museum is not just a mere museum, it is the purest reflection of one of the oldest and majestic civilizations in history. The ancient Egyptian civilization was on a self-proclaimed holy mission against time to create monuments and artifacts that can stand the test of time. Walking through the Egyptian museum is like crossing over to a different time in ancient Egyptian history when art and science were the official languages of the land.
The Egyptian Museum holds a variety of priceless artifacts from the different stages throughout the ancient Egyptian evolution which was the museum the owner of the biggest collection of ancient Egyptian artifacts in the world.
The Egyptian Museum History
The concept of an Egyptian museum was first constructed in 1835 near Ezbekeyah garden but was later on moved to the Cairo citadel by Mohammed Ali in order to protect the heritage of Egypt.
All of the museum artifacts were given to Archduke Maximilian of Austria in 1855 and are still located in the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna. A new museum was built in 1858 in Boulaq under the director of the Egyptian department of antiquities Auguste Mariette at that time but it was unfortunately destroyed by the Nile River Flood.
The Egyptian Museum Location
In 1902, a new advance museum was established in the majestic city Cairo in front of the Tahrir square which remains the official Egyptian Museum until today, most of the artifacts will be transported to the Grand Egyptian Museum which will be opening in 2020.
The Egyptian Museum Artifacts
The Egyptian Museum contains about 120,000 rare magical artifacts from 2700 BC at the beginning of the old kingdom(2575-2150 BC) to the New Kingdom (1550-1070 BC) till the Greco-Roman Period (332 BC-642 AD). The building consists of two floors; the first floor A.K.A the ground floor and the second floor.
The ground floor of the Egyptian Museum contains all the massive artifacts like coffins, masks, large states, stones tablets and many items found in the royal tombs of many Kings and Queens. The second floor holds the smaller objects like jewelry, papyrus papers, funerary objects and most of the displays of many royal tombs. The artifacts are organized according to the historical periods starting with the old kingdom up to the Greco-Roman period.
The Famous Artifacts of The Egyptian Museum
One of the most famous artifacts is the glorious Narmer Plate which conveys the story and details of the unification battle by the hands of King Menes Djoser and part of the legacy of the age of the pyramids. On the ground floor, statues of the king like Khufu, Khafre, and countless others will be found.
Most of the monuments in the Museum Belong to the New Kingdom (1550-712 BC) covering three dynasties from the 18th to the 20th, and their artifacts differ from crown, wooden objects, gold statues of goddess-like Hathor, Amun to luxurious belongings of many Kings and Queens such as Thutmosis III, Thutmosis IV, Amenophis II, Egypt’s most powerful pharaohs Hatshepsut, Ramses II, and the famous Boy-King Tutankhamun, and many others from the new kingdom.