The majestic Giza Pyramids were simply a stairway to heaven built by the pharaohs, a way to ascend to their rightful place and unite with the ancient Egyptian gods. It is a true reflection of an immortal symbol of the glory of the ancient Egyptian civilization. Giza pyramids complex is regarded as an architectural miracle and acted as the official motto of Egypt as the last remaining monument of the seven wonders of the ancient world.
Giza Pyramids Location
Giza pyramids complex is located in the western desert 9 km (5 mi) west of the Nile River, 13 km (8 mi) southwest of Cairo city center. It still holds the same location where many it inspired various civilizations as the Hellenistic.
Pyramids of Giza Facts
Giza pyramids complex is one of the last remaining prehistoric monuments on in human history as it was built in the old kingdom (2686 – 2181 BC) during the 4th dynasty (2613 – 2493 BC) over than 4000 years.
It consists of three great pyramids; each one is for a pharaoh named Khafre, Khufu, and Menkaure who desired to immortalize their names and legacy in stone for infinite centuries. The pyramids were built to be the final resting place for each pharaoh and help his soul ascends to the heavens.
And right in front of the pyramids are the sole guardian of Egypt the Sphinx and Next to the pyramids in the valley temple where the mummification’s process of the ancient king and queens took place.
The Three Pyramids of Giza
There is no better monument that can showcase the unbroken will of ancient Egyptian than the three great pyramids of Giza as it displays an ancient time that the Egyptian civilization was a driving force into the development of the first definitions of literature, science, religion, and art.
Pyramid of Khufu (Cheops)
One of the most enchanting constructions in human history is the majestic pyramid of Khufu which is the last remaining wonder of the ancient world “Khufu Pyramid“.
It was constructed to hold the tomb of Pharaoh Khufu in the old kingdom between 2580 and 2560 BC and took about 20 years to fully built. It is famously known by the Greek name Cheops.
The great pyramid became the tallest structure in the world at the height of 147 m (481 ft.) for more than 3,800 years until the construction of the Lincoln Cathedral in 1311 AD in England which eventually surpassed it. It was constructed using 2.3 million blocks of limestone, each block weighing 2.5 tons and the usage of a huge labor working force of 100,00.
It was designed by King Khufu’s vizier Hemiunu who truly created a true masterpiece of miraculous enchanting architecture as it shows from the advance interior design of the pyramid. The pyramid interior consists of three chambers, the first is the king’s chamber, the second is the queen’s chamber and the third is the Grand Gallery. The pyramid is able to generate various fringe theories on how it was built and many others of the alternative reasons for its construction.
Pyramid of Khafre (Chephren)
The second-largest pyramid in Giza was built by Pharaoh Khafre ( 2558-2532 BC ) during the 4th dynasty in 2540 BC during the old kingdom. Khafre was the son of Khufu, so he desired to continue his father’s legacy by creating a structure similar to his father’s. the second pyramid reaches the height of 136.4 (448 ft.) on a base of 215.5 m (706 ft.), and is made completely out of limestone, with a combination of pink granite has an angle of 51°50’24”.
It is a bit smaller than the Khufu pyramid and has a smooth surface. Khafre’s pyramid appears larger than the adjacent Khufu Pyramid due to having a more elevated location and a steeper angle of inclination. Khafre pyramid retains a majestic display of casing stones on its climax. The pyramid has been the victim of many tomb raiders and robberies over the years until it was explored by a proper archaeologist in 1818.
On the east of the pyramid lies the great valley temple that was used for the mummification process. And right in front of it on the west bank of the Nile of Giza is the sole guardian of Egypt “The Great Sphinx“, the world’s oldest statue that was designed based on the face of Pharaoh Khafre and it also was made completely of limestone like the rest of the pyramids.
Pyramid of Menkaure (Mykerinos)
The smallest pyramid was constructed by king Menkaure the sixth ruler of the 4th dynasty in 2510 BC to be his final resting place following the legacy of his father and his grandfather.
It was constructed using a combination of limestone on the exterior and a red granite on the interior and it has the height of 61 m (204 ft.) and stands on a base of 108.5 m plus it has the angel of the 51°20′25″. On the south of the pyramid are three satellite pyramids and each pyramid is a temple and a substructure.