Alexandria city is one of the most famous tourist attractions in the world, it is considered one of the few cities in existence that can reflect the purest definition of the word beauty. Alexandria city never lost its glamour and elegance over the countless centuries since its construction in 331 BCE by Alexander the great on a village called Racotis during his visit to Amun Temple in Siwa. He ordered his chief architect Dinocrates to build a city that will reflect his supreme vision and immortalize his legacy against the deadly oblivion.
Alexandria city became the most important center for the Hellenistic civilization and was main responsible for transmitting the culture to the rest of the world plus being the capital of Egypt during the Ptolemaic (323-30 BC) and Roman period (30 BC-640 AD) for almost 1,000 years until the Muslim conquest in 641 AD and the new capital of Egypt of constructed the city of Fustat.
During the Hellenistic period the lighthouse of Alexandria, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world was constructed and the mysterious Necropolis one of the seven wonders of the middle ages. During the Roman period, Alexandria city was the most powerful city after Rome in the ancient Mediterranean region The Islamic Rule didn’t leave any memorable landmarks on the city of Alexandria as the Mamluk and Fatimid dynasties spend most of their time in Cairo and settled with transforming Alexandria city to a naval port and a shipping port.
When Alexandria became part of the Ottoman Empire, it lost all meaning to beauty, glory, and elegance but in 1805 under the rule of Muhammad Ali, the city regained its lost hypnotic beauty and became of the world’s most attractive destinations.
Alexandria City Attractions
Alexandria is quite popular for containing some of the most beautiful historical landmarks in the world such as:
The Legendary Lighthouse of Alexandria a.k.a Pharos of Alexandria was built during the Ptolemaic dynasty in 280 BC at the height of 120-137 m (394-449 ft). It became the second tallest construction directly after the great pyramids of Giza. Unfortunately, it was destroyed by a series of earthquakes between 1303 and 1323 AD and in the same location using the remaining blocks of the lighthouse.
The powerful Qaitbay Citadel was constructed in 1477 AD the protect the country from any foreign naval attack. The city also houses the enchanting Catacombs “Necropolis” which was a final resting place for a greek Nobel family during the Greco-roman period, it combining the Greek and ancient Egyptian art in the finest and majestic manner.
Alexandria city was also once known for containing various ethnic groups like the largest Jewish community in the world and the first Greek Translation of Hebrew holy Book.
The ancient library of Alexandria city was the source of enlightenment, infinite knowledge and a center for art and science across the Mediterranean as it contained millions of scrolls and books on every possible subject. It was constructed in the 3rd century BC in the Ptolemaic dynasty, during the reign of Ptolemy II between 285-246 BC, it was unfortunately destroyed by a fire in 48 BC and a new library by the name of Bibliotheca Alexandria was constructed in 2002 to commemorate the spirit of the original ancient library.
The pillar of Pompey is the largest construction of its kind to be built outside the imperial capitals of Rome acts as a symbol of the level of wealth and power Alexandria enjoyed under the Roman rule.
Alexandria City Location
The charming pearl of the Mediterranean Alexandria city extends 32 km on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea and is 138 km (114 mi) northwest of Cairo on the western edge of the Nile Delta.
The city also acts as the second largest city after the current capital “Cairo” with a population of 3.5 million people on a 2,679 km².
Alexandria City Climate
It has a delightful climate with warm humid summer and rainy winters throughout the whole year. In the winter months from October to March, the average temperature is 15 C (59.4 F) and in the summer months from April to September the average temperature is 30 C (86 F).
Alexandria City Activities
You will get to witness the enchanting landmarks of Alexandria city while enjoying the finest restaurants and hotels. The city holds the majestic corniche, the national Alexandria museum, the Roman theater and the great library of Alexandria which contain some of the most unique collection of artifacts and books in the world.